Cod fishing is of crucial importance in the economy of Norway and in addition to being practiced professionally, it is very popular even at a sporting and amateur level, usually from the boat.
However, since I did not have a boat at the time, I had to make a virtue of necessity, and try to understand what the secrets of these fish were in order to successfully undermine them from the shore.
The fish grouped under the name of “cod” that reach an interesting size and that are constantly insidiabili from shore in my areas are basically three:
_ The cod ( Gadus Morhua– Atlantic Cod): it is the largest and most famous of the three, as it is thanks to this fish that we obtain the famous stockfish, cod and various frozen products based on cod. Precisely for this reason, it is a species in demographic decline, given the very high professional fishing pressure.
It is a fish that loves to stay in contact with the seabed, precisely because it feeds mainly on organisms that live on the bottom or in close contact with it.
The search for this fish should, therefore, be done with baits that reach the bottom very quickly and that are able to operate in that layer of water. Although the metal jig is the most widely used bait in these parts, I find the use of soft baits the best choice to undermine this fish, for their ability to stay on the bottom for more time and especially for their ability to stay in fishing even at very low recovery rates. It is, in fact, an essentially slow predator, which often eats the bait when it is practically still. The baits that I think have an extra gear are shads and soft stick baits mounted on the leaded head and bass jigs with trailer.
_The pollack ( Pollachius Pollachius – Pollock): it is the famous Pollack, also known as “boat” fish, but very common also along the coast and easily captured from the shore.
This fish, unlike the cod, does not stay properly in contact with the bottom, or rather, not only. In fact, it loves to stand in the layer between half water and the bottom; it goes without saying that fishing will also have to take this into account.
It is a much more dynamic fish than cod, so much so that it can also be caught with lures driven at a certain speed, but remember to take breaks in recovery, because unfortunately it is very often missing its prey, making empty attacks. The best way to fish it is through the use of jig heads and straight rubber (soft stick baits and worms more tapered), recovered with short shots alternated with long pauses.
_The black cod (Pollachius Virens – Saithe): it is a fish very similar to the yellow cod, from which it is distinguished by the white sideline, for the body with more “cylindrical” section and for the darker color.
More or less cod and code share the same habits, but I think the black cod is an even more active predator, so much so that, when hunting, it can also be taken in the subsurface or surface layers of water, where it hunts for small fish.
Even the cod is a fairly fast fish, but often, like the yellow cod, the attack on our bait will miss, missing it; therefore also, in this case, I suggest to practice different pauses or slowdowns during the recovery, and often you will have the attack in these moments.
It is a very aggressive fish, which can be taken with almost all the artificial lures and on practically all the layers of water, from the bottom to the surface.
Although the bait is mostly used by most, I tend to discourage the metal jig, because, requiring a recovery fast enough, tends to do even more than most of the attacks go to empty.
Excellent substitutes, for those who mainly fish with hard baits, are the lipless sinking, left to sink until half water and then recovered at medium speed with breaks and speed changes.
Very good results are also obtained with soft baits, fishing in the same way described above for pollack.