Fish card (XV): Sarago Maggiore
The Sarago Maggiore is one of the most difficult but at the same time most fascinating prey of marine light spinning in Italy.
Family : Sparidae (it is an extended family, including 155 species, grouped in 38 genera)
Genus : Diplodus (it is a genus including 23 species)
Species : Diplodus Sargus
Maximum recorded length : 45 cm
Maximum registered weight : 1.9 kg.
Distribution : Eastern Atlantic Ocean (no more to the north of the Bay of Biscay), Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea
English name : White Sea Bream
Maximum age recorded : 10 years
Reproduction and sexuality : reproduction occurs between January and April and sexual maturity is reached with the two years of age, when the sarago is about 17 cm long.
Feeding : it feeds on crustaceans, algae, molluscs and other benthic invertebrates.
IUCN Red List : Least Concern (LC): this is the minimum risk level, which means that the species is abundant and well-spreaded.
Depth of stationing : 0-50m.
Fins: It has a unique long dorsal fin, formed by 12 spiny rays and 15 soft. The anal fin, formed by 3 spiny and 13 soft rays, is opposite to the spring part of the dorsal, while the pectoral fins are large and sickle-shaped. The pelvic fins are large and in a thoracic position, while the caudal fin is large and forked.
Other features : It has a high and very compressed lateral body and a small mouth but with very particular teeth; in fact, it has 8 very sharp incisors and 2-4 rows of molariform teeth both above and below.
Color : has a silver color with 7-9 vertical black bands. It also has a black spot on the caudal peduncle, which does not reach the lower part. The operculum is also bordered in black.
The fishing of the spinning bream with the softbaits is, for me, the most exciting branch of the Light Game at sea. It is certainly a very complicated fishing, because it requires particular sea conditions and great constancy. Then I start with the analysis of the fishing grounds up to the equipment and the fishing method. _ Fishing place
: the perfect fishing spot for this technique is the cliff, possibly low and our most important ally will be the foam. The saraghi in fact prefer to attack their prey when they are stunned by the waves and disoriented by the foam. It goes without saying that the reefs that are dry in front of them will be perfect, or any particular discontinuities that allow, with the rough sea, to create a lot of foam. _ Timetable and fishing season
: this is a daytime fishing, which then occurs at times of day when light is present, but, like almost all other fishing techniques, catches increase slightly near the change of light, that is during the two hours before sunset and the two following dawn. It is also very important to choose the right time of day; in this case it is better to fish with rough but clear sea, therefore, being able to choose, it is better to avoid the expired and fish when the sea starts to mount, ie when the water is still clear and the wind is not too strong to disturb fishing action.
The best months are spring (April, May, June) and autumn (October, November). Regarding the equipment ,
_The reel : I think the best choice is represented by reels of the 2500 class with a reduced capacity reel (2506 Daiwa, 2500S Shimano). It is better not to use smaller reels because the braid we are going to use will be slightly thicker than the one used in traditional Light Rockfishing and because we need a reel with a slightly greater weight to effectively balance a long and powerful barrel.
_The thread: in this case the use of a thin braid is quite essential, since the maximum contact with the bait and its best control combined with the readiness of the ferrata are elements that can not be done without. The perfect measure for this technique is to choose between PE0.8 and PE1, depending on where we are going to fish. Fishing very close to the rocks is better to use a fluorocarbon finish quite often, between 0.24 mm and 0.28 mm in diameter. Do not worry about slightly raising the diameter of the final, because fishing in the midst of turbulence and foam will not have problems with visibility. _Le Jig Heads
: as previously stated, we will use leaded heads weighing between 3 and 5 grams. The shape of the head can be chosen freely, but surely a bullet or “flat” shape will help us to imprint the frenetic movement in jerks that serves to entice the bream to bite. The most important feature that must have the hook of these heads is the robustness, because it often happens that the bream easily open the hooks with too thin stem of heads destined to Light Rockfishing or trout. The hook must therefore be very robust and with a fairly long stem, and must be of a size between # 4 and # 2. The baits
: substantially the softbaits to be used for this fishing must have two characteristics, have a squat body, but at the same time short; This is because the bream tends to bite the bait, not to suck it, so with long lures we would always find the softbait cut off, without being able to shoe the fish. The types of baits that lend themselves most to this use are straight-tail rubber small fishes, small 2 “craws, small tubes.
_The fishing action: to implement this technique, just throw our bait into the foam, let it sink for a few seconds, and then begin a personalized recovery, which is the most “nervous” possible, but at the same time quite slow. The bait in practice must move as much as possible but without increasing too much the speed of recovery. Usually if after 3 or 4 throws at the same point does not take anything, it is better to change the position; for this reason it is better to look for cliffs that allow us to move and move easily enough. At the moment of the bite it is necessary to have a fairly decisive via ferrata, and a ready recovery of the thread, above all in the first moments, in which the sarago will try to gain the fund. A net can certainly be useful, but personally I have always done without it.